Autor: Haklay M.
Klíčová slova: Citizen science, Ladder of participation, Participation, Participatory GIS
Název titulu / periodika: Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge
Rok vydání: 2013
Obor FORD: 5.9. Other social sciences
Within Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), Citizen Science stands out as aclass of activities that require special attention and analysis.Citizen scienceis likely to be the longest running of VGI activities, with some projectsshowing continuous effort over a century. In addition, many projects are characterised bya genuine element of volunteering and contribution of informationfor the benefit of human knowledge and science. They are also tasks where data quality and uncertainty cometo the fore whenevaluating the validity of…